The Mousterian was a lithic, or stone tool, industry dating to the Middle Paleolithic (300 - 30 ka). Mousterian artifacts have been documented in the Levant, northern Africa, parts of the Middle East, and Europe. As a lithic industry it is usually associated with Homo neanderthalensis, although it was in use by Homo sapiens populations. Handaxes, flake tools (e.g. scrapers, triangle points, denticulates), and prepared core technology (Levallois) compose the majority of tool types within the industry.

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